City of Balanga, the capital of Bataan, was formerly a vista of Abucay before it was established as a mission of the Dominican Order in the Provincial Charter of April 21, 1714 and later declared vicariate on April 18, 1739, under the patronage of Saint Joseph.
Upon establishment of Bataan as a separate province in 1754, Balanga City was made its capital by General Pedro Manuel Arandia due to its favourable location, at the heart of the new territorial jurisdiction. The word “Balanga” originated from the word “banga” (clay pot), which the town used to produce and which was known to be among the best that can be found in the country.
City of Balanga referred as “Tricycle City” in the past, is now a booming and bustling city on the move with its vision of “A World Class University Town by 2020”. As one of the richest naturally endowed areas in the Province, its strategic location is instrumental in the city’s development as the Province’s center of the trade, commerce, services and of course, education. These sectors have complemented the economic output from agriculture and fisheries industry which provide livelihood to a large portion of the city’s families.
Furthermore, several major food chain companies have thriving business here and the number of banks, from rural to commercial ones, is continuously increasing. This only proves that the city is now one good investment haven.
City of Balanga has been transformed into a HIGH-TECH City where Wi-Fi internet connections are available in barangay halls and public elementary schools. Also, the huge LED television is one of the main attractions in Plaza Mayor de Balanga. Peace and security are enhanced by the installation of CCTV cameras at strategic location of the city. Prior to this, the city had extended its urban fringe to west Roman Superhighway and new growth center in Barangay Tuyo had been delineated in the Comprehensive Land Use Plan. The city also continued to experience high record of residential growth, along with the attractiveness to commercial in employment activities causing the expansion on the physical limit of the urban core. Alongside with this is the continuing role of the city as the education center of the province where one (1) state university, ten (10) colleges, seven (7) secondary schools (2 public, 5 private), thirty (30) elementary schools (17 public, 13 private), twenty-seven (27) Day Care Centers and ten (10) pre-schools. This led the City Government of Balanga in declaring eighty and 42 tenths (80.42) hectares of its central district as University town area through the City Ordinance No. 21, S. 2008 with school areas outside this radius as satellite areas.
Now, the City Government of Balanga is being provided with the right tools and access to efficiency, accountability and transparency in public areas through cyber world. To ensure that best efforts are devoted to all its program and projects it has coined the battlecry: “GALING BALANGUEÑO…IPAGMALAKI MO!”
Surely, the future is very bright for this unique city.
The City is located at the eastern part of the Province of Bataan and lies in the south western part of Central Luzon. Balanga City is bounded on the north by Abucay; on the east by Manila Bay; on the west by the mountains of Bagac and Morong; and on the south by Pilar. It is separated by the Talisay river, that starts from the mountains of Mariveles and meanders from the southwest to the northeast.
The City is located in rich alluvial plains that have contributed to the growth on agricultural economy. It is approximately 14°15’ and 15°60’N latitude and 120°45’ and 120°10’E longitude.
City of Balanga is located 124 kms. west from Manila which is 2 hours by car, or 3 hours by bus depending on the time of day you travel.
It can be reached via 2 major roads – the National Road and the Roman Superhighway.
It is also very accessible in neighboring cities like Olongapo, San Fernando, Angeles, Tarlac and Malolos and the town of Subic in Zambales.
The newly completed Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX) contributed further to the accessibility of the city to its neighboring towns and cities.
City of Balanga has a total land area of 11,163 hectares giving 8.13 percent of the Bataan Province. It has 25 barangays.
Balanga, as projected in December 2010, has a total population of 91,059 and an average growth rate of 2.35%, which was estimated using the 2000 – 2007 National Census Statistics Report.
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